Study on anEnd-To-End System for Volcanic Ash Plume Monotoring and Prediction-Smash
Tampellini, Maria Lucia1; Ferrucci, Fabrizio2; Tait, Steve2; Corradini, Stefano3; Spinetti, Claudia3; Buongiorno, Fabrizia3; Carboni, Elisa4; Pieter, Valks5; Sofiev, Mikhail6
1CGS SpA, ITALY; 2IPGP, FRANCE; 3INGV, ITALY; 4University of Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM; 5DLR, GERMANY; 6FMI, FINLAND
The SMASH project has started its activity recently, in September 2012, as part of the General Studies Programme of the European Space Agency. SMASH is led by CGS SpA , and relies on the partnership of two Volcano Observatories (the "Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris" -IPGP - and the "Istituto Nazionale di Geologia e Vulcanologia" of Rome -INGV) and three scientific institutions: the University of Oxford, the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the German Aerospace Center. The broad scope of SMASH is the exploitation of current polar-orbiting satellite instruments for retrieval of quantitative measurement of volcanic SO2 and ash clouds parameters, such as: concentration, height, particle size distribution. In particular, main objectives of SMASH, to be achieved in a time frame of 18 months, are the following: 1) development of innovative satellite information products characterizing significant geophysical parameters at the eruption source; 2) development of innovative satellite information products for quantitative retrieval of volcanic ash and SO2 plumes; 3) definition of an optimal end-to-end system for volcanic ash monitoring and prediction for Europe, based on the existing remote sensing infrastructure.